Differences between Xanax (alprazolam) & Valium (Diazepam)

Differences between Xanax and Valium

Overview of Xanax (alprazolam) & Valium (Diazepam)

Xanax- It is the brand name of alprazolam, which belongs to the group of benzodiazepines. It is prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, panic disorder, depression. It is the single most recommended medicine in the United States. It works by increasing the amount of GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) in the brain, which calms and relaxes the mind. Xanax is the most effective medicine if taken carefully. Xanax is taken by mouth. Some factors decide the dose of the Xanax, and the factors are- the reason for taking medicine, the age of the patient, and the response of the patient after taking the drug. 

Valium – The generic name of valium is diazepam. It belongs to the group of benzodiazepines. It is used for the treatment of anxiety disorder. Valium balances the chemical of the brain, which may be unbalanced because of anxiety. Sometimes, it is also used with other medicines for the treatment of seizures. Misuse of this medicine can cause addiction, overdose, or death. To avoid any fatal situation, take this medicine as directed by your health consultant. 

Differences between Xanax and Valium

Generic name

  • Xanax- Alprazolam
  • Valium- Diazepam

Standard dosage

  • Xanax- 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg three times daily
  • Valium- 2 mg to 10 mg two to four times daily.

Use of the medicine

  • Xanax
    • Anxiety disorder in children (seven years old and above) and adults.
    • Panic disorder in adults.
  • Valium
    • Anxiety, muscle relaxation- In adults 
    • Seizure disorder- In infants, children, and adults

Long-lasting- Valium is long-lasting as compared to Xanax. 

Cost comparison of Xanax & Valium

Valium and Xanax both can be covered under Medicare. The average cost of valium is near about $215 for thirty 5mg tablets. The average price of Xanax is near about $500 for sixty 1mg tablets. Another comparison is given below.

Single-Care cost

Valium-$6-$58

Xanax- $53-$73

Common side effects of Xanax and Valium

Valium and Xanax are both belongs to the group of benzodiazepines. Both are equally effective for the treatment of anxiety disorder. 

The most common side effects of Xanax are-:

  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue

Other side effects of Xanax include-:

  • Memory problems
  • Speech problems
  • Constipation
  • Changes in weight
  • Addiction

The most common side effects of Valium are as follows-:

  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • Euphoria
  • Ataxia

Other side effects of Valium are-:

  • Paradoxical reactions with excitability
  • Muscle spasm
  • Lack of sleep
  • Rage
  • Confusion
  • Speech problems
  • Double vision
  • Respiratory depression
  • Neutropenia
  • Depression

The above list is not the complete list of the side effects of the Xanax and Valium. If you observe these side effects in you or in someone else who is using these medicines, immediately consult the doctor for medical attention. 

Which is more effective- Xanax or Valium?

After the detailed study of the effects of Xanax and Valium on anxiety disorder, it is concluded that in one instance, Valium is more effective than Xanax. However, the difference between them is not clinically proved. Both medicines cause drowsiness. The effect of the drug is different in people; only the doctor or health consultant can tell that which therapy or medicine will be best for the patient. 

Warnings of Xanax and Valium

Valium and Xanax both are anti-anxiety medicine. They both can cause addiction, overdose, abuse if used for a longer period. So, it is recommended to use these medicines for a short period. Avoid taking these medicines with other opioids because the combination may cause a deadly situation. Valium and Xanax both are harmful to a pregnant lady so, if you are planning for pregnancy or you are pregnant, then avoid taking these medicines because it causes miscarriage and hindrances in delivery. Avoid taking these medicines with alcohol or other alcoholic products. To avoid any danger, always follow the direction of your doctor. 

Conditions treated by Xanax and Valium

Valium and Xanax both are approved medicine for the treatment of anxiety disorder, and Xanax is also used for the treatment of panic disorders, depression. Valium is recommended for the treatment of symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal, hyperekplexia, ICU agitation, light anesthesia, light sedation, muscle spasm, night terrors, seizure prevention, seizures, status epilepticus, temporomandibular joint disorder, tetanus.

Conditions treated by Xanax and Valium are as follows-:

Valium

Xanax

Anxiety disorder

Yes

Yes

Panic disorder

No

Yes

Alcohol withdrawal symptoms

Yes

No

Seizure disorder 

Yes

No

Status Epilepticus       

Yes

No

Muscle relaxation      

Yes

No

Vertigo

Off-label

No

Pre-procedural anxiety       

No

Off-label

Drug interactions of Xanax and Valium

Valium and Xanax both belong to the same group that is benzodiazepines. Medicines that affect your central nervous system may cause danger when combined with Valium and Xanax. 

Groups that interact include-

  • Alcohol
  • Antihistamines
  • Other benzodiazepines or sedatives, such as sleeping pills and drugs for anxiety
  • Pain drugs, including hydrocodone, Oxycodone, methadone, codeine, and Tramadol
  • Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics
  • Antiseizure medications
  • Tranquilizers and muscle relaxants

This is not the complete list of the interaction of drugs. Always inform your doctor about other medicines you are taking.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is Xanax?

Xanax is a short-acting benzodiazepine that is used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, and panic disorder. It is the most prescribed and effective psychiatric medicine in the United States. It enhances the amount of GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) in the brain, which calms and relaxed the brain. Although it is a beneficial medicine, on the other hand, it is very addictive if not used properly. To avoid any harm to your health, take medication as prescribed by the doctor.

What is Valium?

It is used for the treatment of anxiety disorder, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. It belongs to the group called a benzodiazepine. Take this medicine with or without food by mouth. The dose of valium depends on the age and response of the drug. So, do not increase or decrease the dose on your own. Always talk to your doctor if you feel any side effects like drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, etc. 

Are Valium and Xanax the same?

Valium and Xanax both are used for the treatment of anxiety disorder, and they both belong to the group of benzodiazepines. The only difference between both is their side effects and drug interactions. Suitability of the medicine is based upon the response of the individual. 

Which is better- Xanax or Valium?

Both are used for the treatment of anxiety disorder. It is not clinically proved that which is better among Xanax and Valium because the suitability of medicine varies from person to person. Under some observation, Valium is much better than Xanax. 

Can a pregnant woman take Valium or Xanax while pregnancy?

No, a pregnant woman can’t take Valium or Xanax because the chances of risk are higher than the benefits in pregnancy. Taking these pills also cause miscarriage and hindrance in delivery. 

Can Valium or Xanax use with alcohol?

Mixing of alcohol with Valium or Xanax may cause severe problems like relaxation, euphoria, aggression, irritability, fatigue, lethargy, and lightheartedness, etc. 

Which is stronger Valium or Xanax?

It is not correct to compare both the medicine because they both belong to the group of benzodiazepines, but they are different in strengths, dosage, effects.

Which is better for anxiety disorder Xanax or Valium?

Xanax is the most prescribed medicine for anxiety than Valium. Although, the response of everyone is different towards medicine. Xanax reacts more quickly than Valium, but Valium is long-lasting than Xanax. 

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